The next Census is scheduled for 2020 and will determine the apportionment of seats in the U.S. House of Representatives for the next 10 years. However, the 2020 Census will not affect the 2020 presidential election, but following this election, the congressional representation is expected to shift substantially. Since 2010 the population has grown and changed considerably. Western and southern states’ populations are growing much more quickly than Midwest and the Northeast. Some of the fastest growing states include Arizona, Colorado, and Texas. The South population has grown by 7.6% and the West has grown by 7.3%, both more than 2% faster than the rest of the country. The biggest shift is expected in Florida and Texas. Florida may gain two seats and Texas three. As states like these gain seats, other states will lose seats. This new reapportionment will affect both the congressional representation and the Electoral College. The Electoral College consists of 538 electors of which 270 electoral votes are needed to elect the President. There is an elector for every member of Congress and the Senate plus three for Washington, D.C. In 2016, there were 268 Democratic electors and 270 Republican electors. Despite Clinton winning the popular vote, Trump won 304 electoral votes while Clinton won 227. If a candidate wins a state, all the electoral votes for that state go towards that candidate. In 2016, two Republican electors voted against Trump and five voted against Clinton.
Click here to use an interactive map from 270toWin to see how the electoral votes will shift for each state depending on if it votes Democrat or Republican.